LA VEINE: FOUR INSPIRING MEN

August 19, 2016

FOUR INSPIRING MEN

inspiring men
A month ago I wrote this post about four inspiring women and today, as promised, I talk about four equally influential men. Even though most of these people are dead now, their actions made their names unforgettable until this day and will probably keep them that way for a long time. You probably already know most of the names that I'm going to talk about. But even though I tried to choose people that were not too obvious, it was impossible not to mention a few well-known identities that cannot be replaced or forgotten when it comes to talking about inspiring people.

Há cerca de um mês escrevi este post sobre quatro mulheres inspiradores e hoje, como tinha ficado prometido, falo de quatro homens igualmente influentes. Embora a maioria destas pessoas já não estejam vivas, as suas acções tornaram os nomes impossíveis de esquecer até ao dia de hoje e provavelmente mantê-los-ão assim por muito mais tempo. Provavelmente já conhecem a maioria dos nomes que vou mencionar. Mas embora eu tenha tentado ir por caminhos menos óbvios, era impossível não referir umas quantas identidades mais conhecidas que não podem ser substituídas ou esquecidas quando chega a altura de falar de pessoas inspiradoras.
William Wilberforce was born in 1759 in Hull, England. He studied at Cambridge University, where he became friends with the future prime minister William Pitt the Younger. In 1780 he became a member of the parliament, and that was when his lifestyle, corrupt and unrestrained, completely changed because William became an evangelical Christian. He joined a group called the Clapham Sect in 1790. His faith prompted him to become interested in social reform, especially in the improvement of factory conditions.
William was strongly influenced by the abolitionist Thomas Clarkson, who was campaigning for an end to the British ships carrying black slaves from Africa to the West Indies, where they were bought and sold. Persuaded to lobby for the abolition of the slave trade Wilberforce regularly introduced, for 18 years, anti-slavery motions in parliament. This campaign was supported by many people who raised public awareness to their cause with pamphlets, books, petitions, etc. In 1807, the slave trade in Britain was finally abolished, but the ones who were slaves were still not free. That would only happen in 1833.
William Wilberforce also worked in order to provide all children with regular education in reading, personal hygiene and religion and was closely involved with the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Just like Madame de Pompadour, William Wilberforce is an example of someone powerful who used their influence to change something that was wrong and, in this case, end the slavery-trade in his own country.

William Wilberforce nasceu em 1759 em Hull, Inglaterra. Estudou na Cambridge University, onde travou amizade com o futuro primeiro ministro William Pitt the Younger. Em 1780 tornou-se um membro do parlamento, e por essa altura o seu estilo da vida, até à altura algo descontrolado e corrupto, mudou completamente quando William se tornou um cristão evangélico. Juntou-se a um grupo chamado de Clapham Sect em 1790. A sua fé levou-o a interessar-se na reforma social, especialmente no progresso das condições das fábricas.
Wiliam foi altamente influenciado pelo abolinista Thomas Clarkson, que estava a fazer campanha para acabar com os navios britânicos que levavam escravos negros de África para as Índias Ocidentais, onde eram comprados e vendidos. Determinado a chamar atenção para o assunto da troca de escravos, Wilberforce apresentou no parlamento propostas de movimentos e acções anti-escravidão durante 18 anos. Esta campanha foi apoiada por muita gente que ajudou a consciencializar o público através de livros, panfletos, petições, etc. Em 1807, o tráfico de escravos na Grã-Bretanha viu o seu fim, mas os escravos já existentes ainda não eram livres. Isso aconteceria mais tarde, em 1833.
William Wilberforce trabalhou também para fornecer todas as crianças com educação básica em leitura e escrita, higiene pessoal e religião e esteve envolvido com a Royal Society para a prevenção da crueldade contra os animais. Assim como a Madame de Pompadour, referida no meu post das mulheres, William Wilberforce é o exemplo de alguém poderoso que usou a própria exposição para mudar as coisas para melhor e, neste caso, acabar com o tráfico de escravos no próprio país.
Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC and is known as the first of the three great Athenian philosophers (along with Plato and Aristotle). Until his forties, he worked as a stone carver and sculptor and also fought for Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
After the war he started thinking about the world around him, trying to answer questions like "What is wisdom?", "What is beauty?", "What is the right thing to do?". Knowing these questions were hard to answer, Socrates thought it would be a good idea to bring people together to discuss possible answers so he started walking around the city asking random people what was beauty, and what was wisdom. People would try to answer and Socrates would try to teach them to think better, asking them more questions which exposed the problems in their logic.
A group of young men started listening to him and learning "how to think"; Plato was one of them. Socrates created a little philosophy school in the middle of the streets. When he was 70, some people got mad at Socrates and charged him in court with impiety (not respecting the gods) and corrupting the youth. Eventually Socrates was killed after being sentenced to death, and during his life he never wrote down his ideas. But Plato, his former student, wrote about what he had learned from him.
I admire anyone who promotes education (especially in times and places where nobody seems to think it's important), and Socrates had definitely a huge impact in the way we (are able to) think nowadays. He encouraged people to think as individuals, to question, to defy everything. This didn't only had an impact in philosophy at the time, but also in the lives of those who would be born after him.

Sócrates nasceu em Atenas em 469 a.C. e é conhecido como o primeiro dos três grandes filósofos atenienses (seguido de Platão e Aristóteles). Até aos quarenta anos, trabalhou como pedreiro e escultor, lutanto mais tarde por Atenas na Guerra do Peloponeso.
Depois da guerra ele começou a pensar no mundo que o rodeava e a tentar responder a perguntas como "O que é a sabedoria?", "O que é a beleza?" e "Qual é a coisa certa a fazer?". Tendo noção que estas eram perguntas difíceis de responder, Sócrates pensou que seria uma boa ideia juntar pessoas para discutir possíveis respostas, então começou a andar pela cidade e a perguntar a pessoas aleatórias na rua o que eram a beleza e a sabedoria. As pessoas tentavam responder e Sócrates tentava ensiná-las a pensar melhor, fazendo mais perguntas que expunham os defeitos da sua lógica.
Um grupo de jovens começou a ouvi-lo com frequência e a aprender "a pensar" com ele; Platão foi uma dessas pessoas. Sócrates criou uma pequena escola de filosofia no meio das ruas da cidade. Quando tinha 70 anos, algumas pessoas revoltaram-se com o facto de Sócrates andar a ensinar jovens e acusaram-no de desrespeito os deuses. Eventualmente, o filósofo foi morto (envenenado) após ter sido sentenciado à morte, e durante a sua vida nunca escreveu sobre as ideias que defendia. Mas Platão escreveu mais tarde sobre o que aprendeu com Sócrates.
Este filósofo está na minha lista porque o admiro como a como qualquer pessoa que, principalmente em tempos difíceis, promova a educação. Sócrates teve definitivamente um enorme impacto na maneira como somos capazes de pensar hoje em dia, como indivíduos e não apenas mais uma peça do puzzle. Fossem quais fossem as suas crenças mais pessoais, a verdade é que ele encorajou pessoas a questionar e a desafiar tudo aquilo que as rodeava. Isto não só teve impacto no mundo da filosofia, mas também nas vidas de todos aqueles que nasceriam depois dele.
William Kamkwamba was born on 1987, in Malawi, but grew up in Wimbe on his family's farm. He went to school until 8th grade and was then accepted to a secondary school, but his family was not able to pay the school fees due to a severe famine in 2001. William was unable to go to school for five years.
He was not happy about this situation, so at fourteen he started borrowing books from a small community library at his primary school. After reading a book called "Using Energy", he decided to build a windmill to power his family's home and obviate the need for kerosene. He first built a prototype using a radio motor, then a 5-meter windmill out of a broken bicycle and a tractor fan. He hooked the windmill to a car battery for storage and was able to power four light bulbs and charge neighbour's phones. The windmill was later extended to 12 meters to better catch the wind above the trees. A third windmill pumped grey water for irrigation.
After the windmill, William started other projects that included clean water, malaria prevention, solar power and lighting for the six homes in his family compound, a deep water well with a solar powered pump for clean water and a drip irrigation system. William graduated from Dartmouth College in 2014, published a book and works now on projects around the world, ranging from sanitation in India to a gender-based violence prevention in Kenya. Just like Mary Anning, here is someone who was partly self-educated and, thanks to that, was able to change the living conditions of his village and later of a few places in the world.

William Kamkwamba nasceu em 1987, em Malawi, mas cresceu em Wimbe na quinta da sua família. Andou na escola até ao oitavo ano e depois foi aceite numa secundária, mas não chegou a frequentar porque a sua família não era capaz de pagar as propinas, devido a um surto de fome em 2001. William não conseguiu ir à escola durante cinco anos.
Inconformado com a situação, William começou a ler livros de uma biblioteca comunitária aos 14 anos. Depois de ler um livro chamado "Usando energia", decidiu construir um moinho de vento para proporcionar energia à casa da sua família e evitar a necessidade de utilizar querosene. Primeiro construi um protótipo usando um motor de rádio, depois criou um moinho de cinco metros feito a partir de uma bicicleta partida e do ventilador de um trator. Prendeu o moinho à bateria de um carro para armazenamento e foi capaz de dar energia a quatro lâmpadas e ainda carregar os telemóveis de vizinhos. O moinho cresceu mais tarde para 12 metros para apanhar melhor o vento acima das árvores. O terceiro moinho já bombeava água para irrigação.
Depois do moinho, William começou outros projetos que incluíam a obtenção de água limpa, prevenção da malária, energia solar e eletricidade para seis casas da sua aldeia, um poço com bomba accionada pela energia solar para água limpa e um sistema de irrigação por gotejamento. William formou-se na Dartmouth College em 2014, publicou um livro e trabalha agora em projetos em todo o mundo, desde condições sanitárias na Índia a prevenção de violência baseada em género no Kénia. Assim como a Mary Anning, aqui está alguém que aprendeu grande parte das coisas que sabe sozinho e, graças a isso, foi capaz de mudar a qualidade de vida das pessoas da sua aldeia e mais tarde de outros sítios no mundo.
Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa in 1564 and was an Italian physicist and astronomer. He studied medicine (his father wanted him to be a doctor), but while in university Galileo discovered his talent for mathematics. He eventually left university and became a tutor in mathematics, and then a teacher.
In 1609, Galileo used his mathematics knowledge and technical skills to improve upon the previously invented spyglass (a device which made distant objects appear closer) and built a telescope. He became the first person to look at the moon through a telescope, and made his first astronomy discovery. He found out that the moon was mountainous and pitted (at the time people used to believe it was smooth). Galileo also ended up discovering four of the moons circling Jupiter, studying Saturn, observing the phases of Venus and studying sunspots on the sun.
These observations made Galileo believe in Copernicus theory, that the Earth and all other planets revolved around the sun. Most people at that time believed that the Earth was the center of the universe and that the Sun and planets revolved around it, a theory supported by the Catholic Church.
When Galileo started publishing papers about his astronomy discoveries and the heliocentric theory, he was called to Rome to answer charges against him by the Inquisition. In 1616 he was accused of being a heretic (someone who opposed Church teachings, which was a crime), but the charges were cleared and Galileo was told that he should no longer publish stuff about the heliocentric theory.
But he was becoming more and more convinced that in fact, all planets revolved around the sun, and in 1632 he published a book confirming it. Galileo was again called before the Inquisition and found guilty of heresy. He was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1633 and died in 1642. Just like Socrates, Galileo is an example of someone smart who was imprisoned because everyone else was stupid enough not to question what they were told to believe.

Galileo Galilei nasceu em Pisa em 1564 e foi um físico e astrónomo italiano. Estudou medicina (o pai queria que ele fosse médico), mas enquanto estava na universidade Galileo descobriu o seu talento para a matemática. Pouco depois acabou por deixar a universidade e tornou-se explicador de matemática, e mais tarde professor.
Em 1609, Galileo usou os seus conhecimentos e habilidades técnicas para melhorar o anteriormente inventado óculo de alcance (um instrumento que fazia com que os objectos que estivessem longe parecessem estar perto) e construiu também o telescópio. Galileo foi a primeira pessoa a observar a lua através de um telescópio, e foi aí que fez a sua primeira descoberta em astronomia: que a lua, ao contrário daquilo em que todos acreditavam, era montanhosa e esburacada. Acabou também por descobrir quatro das luas que circulavam Júpiter, estudar Saturno, observar as fases de Vénus e as manchas no sol.
Estas observações levaram Galileo a acreditar na teoria de Copernicus, que defendia que a Terra e todos os outros planetas giravam à volta do sol. A maoria das pessoas nessa altura acreditava que a Terra era o centro do Universo e que o sol e os outros planetas giravam à sua volta, teoria apoiada pela igreja católica.
Quando Galileo começou a publicar artigos acerca das suas descobertas e da teoria heliocêntrica, foi chamado a Roma para responder perante a Inquisição a acusações que tinha recebido. Em 1616 foi acusado de heresia (oposição aos ensinamentos da Igreja Católica), mas as acusações foram eventualmente retiradas e Galileo voltou com o aviso de que não voltasse a falar da teoria heliocêntrica.
Mas ele cada vez estava mais convencido de que, realmente, todos os planetas giravam à volta do sol e em 1632 publicou um livro a confirmá-lo. Desta vez, quando foi chamado perante a Inquisição, foi considerado culpado e preso até morrer, em 1642. Assim como Sócrates, Galileo é um exemplo de alguém inteligente que foi martirizado porque toda a gente à sua volta se recusava a questionar aquilo em que tinham sido ensinados a acreditar.

55 comments:

  1. Your post is very interesting and is proving that just people who has indyvidual way of thinkig are achieve their goals and are more mentally independant of reigning systems :-) Happy weekend my dear :-)

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  2. I love how you've included Socrates in your list of four inspiring men - he asked the questions so many of us still shy away from, all this time later! And how interesting Plato was one of the men who listening to him, I hadn't known that until now.

    aglassofice.com
    x

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  3. Esta rubrica é muito interessante com bastante informação sobre estas personalidades.
    Obrigada Marta pelo teu comentário e comecei a seguir-te no GFC ;) espero que queiras me seguir também!!
    Beijocas
    Coco and Jeans by Marisa

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  4. Amazing post, dear! :)
    Do you want to follow each other? If yes, please follow me with GFC, write a comment and I follow you back :)
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  5. Amazing post! Have a great weekend. :)

    STYLEFORMANKIND.COM
    Bloglovin

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  6. Que giro, antes de abrir tentei ver se adivinhava algum de que ias falar e por acaso não acertei :D

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  7. Interesting post! :-)
    I just followed you on GFC.

    Have a great day
    Patricia
    pwiepassion.blogspot.de

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  8. very inspiring man all 3 of them! I say 3 because Galileo never proved heliocentricity. It is one of the things most people don't realize. There were scienties before him that argued heliocentricity (such as Copernicus and Johhanes Koppler who published scientific papers on it. Koppled published his scientific papers on heliocentricity about a decade before Galileo ever considered it and Koppled based them on Copernicus' reasearch), so it is my view that Galileo was just a very loud guy who took credit for other people's work. His contribution to science was practically not existant. When he was questioned by the church, he couldn't prove anything because he didn't know anything, he didn't know how to argue scientificially nor could he come up with any kind of scientific theory. He became famous later on only because he became a symbol, but in reality what was in his books? what we teach in schools now? not at all! Galileo wasn't that brilliant, his theory was far from being well rounded, he belived that the sun was centre of the Universe. He also believed that in the immobility of the sun. If the church rushed to accept Galileo's work, they would have accepted something that the modern science proved wrong. His infamous imprisonment is also not what people imagine it to be, while imprisoned he had servants and every luxury. He lived to an old age, so obviously he did not die because of his theory (unlike Socrates who was really killed). So, I don't consider Galileo to be a hero. Had the worked more on his theory, then yes...had his theory been well developed and argued then I would have considered him a hero.

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  9. All these men are inspirational (and even controversial) indeed:) The story of Kamkwamba is such a great one.

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  10. Gosh, when I think I can't fall in love with your blog even more, you prove me wrong. Such a great job!

    www.espritdemode.blogspot.com

    Sincerely,
    Aida

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  11. Amazing post, really interesting :)

    kisses!
    teddyandcrumb.blogspot.com

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  12. amazing post i really like your blog have a good weekend XOX

    http://fashionlandfb.blogspot.com/

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  13. You really caught my attention with William Kamkwamba, it was really nice to see a man so recent doing such amazing things. People like him should get more recognition that they do. Truly an amazing man.
    xoxo, simona and indre

    www.sistertalessite.com

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  14. Obrigada pelo comentário <3
    Quando li o título não fazia ideia de quem irias falar e fiquei super surpreendida quando vi os nomes. Alguns já conhecia de nome, mas não sabia ao certo o que fizeram. Obrigada por teres mostrado isso e são, definitivamente, inspiradores :)

    Há giveaway a decorrer no blog, participa! ♥
    Beijinhos, xx
    mylittlecorner7.blogspot.pt

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  15. THIS IS SO INSPIRING!! :) AND I LOVE HOW YOU TOOK THE TIME AND EFFORT TO TRANSLATE EVERYTHING INTO YOUR READERS' INDIVIDUAL LANGUAGES

    www.kynagem.com

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  16. Achei a história do William Kamkwamba super inspiradora! Nunca tinha ouvido falar nele!

    MY KIND OF JOY

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  17. I love history, so I really enjoyed reading this well written and enlightening post. I had some background knowledge on some of these men, mainly the Greek philosophers, since I studied psychology. I've never heard of William Kamkwamba, such an intelligent and determined man to be admired. Thanks so much for sharing, girlie, and I hope you have a great weekend ahead!

    XO,

    Jalisa
    www.thestylecontour.com

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  18. Esta rubrica é muito interessante e inspiradora! Não conhecia o William Wilberforce nem o William Kamkwamba.
    Segui o blog!

    Beijinho,
    - Catarina Ferreira
    Welcome to 104

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  19. A História não seria a mesma se não existissem homens como estes!
    beijinhos
    https://direitoporlinhastortas-id.blogspot.pt/

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  20. Gostei muito do post, super interessante! :)

    http://myfashionsenseblog.blogspot.pt/

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  21. Great man my man is Galileo Galilei one the best man of my lovely Italy
    Thank you

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  22. I love how you've included Socrates in your list of four inspiring men - he asked the questions so many of us still shy away from, all this time later! And how interesting Plato was one of the men who listening to him, I hadn't known that until now.

    best education service

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  23. How amazing is it that William was able to build a power windmill after learning from books at a local library? What a smart and talented man.

    xoxo
    Rina
    http://www.andshedressed.com

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  24. Awesome list, these were really inspiring, smart men.

    xo
    www.carinavardie.com

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  25. Interesting post about inspiring men! Thanks for sharing! xo, sharon

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  26. Wow, what a great post. I find the story of William Kamkwamba very inspiring. A true story of hope, goals and dreams come true. I enjoyed reading this.

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  27. Muito obrigado, querida Marta :) Já fiz três eheheh :D

    Adoro quando fazes posts destes que nos são tão úteis por nos fazerem pensar. Além disso saio daqui bem mais culto. Só conhecia o Galileu :o

    NEW BLOGGERTIPS POST | How To Be More Productive and Motivated.
    InstagramFacebook Oficial PageMiguel Gouveia / Blog Pieces Of Me :D

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  28. Já fiquei mais informada por aqui!

    Isabel Sá
    Brilhos da Moda

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  29. Really great informative post! x

    Happy weekend,
    Andreea
    http://couturezilla.com/

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  30. Estudei Sócrates em Filosofia e fiquei fascinada desde então! Foi sem dúvida um homem que inspirou naqueles tempos mas que ainda hoje continua a ser um marco importante da nossa cultura e filosofia! =)
    Obrigado por este post! =)

    www.anafernandes.ch

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  31. Interesting post
    www.alessandrastyle.com

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  32. Um post muito interessante, faz mesmo pensar na vida :)
    www.daysstyle.blogspot.pt

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  33. Oh, yes, you are right, all these men are really inspiring! Thanks for sharing so many interesting details!
    Many thanks for your kind comment on my blog. Do you want to follow each other?
    Greetings from Bavaria/Germany, Rena
    www.dressedwithsoul.com

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  34. a very interesting post!
    http://pyrramidblog.blogspot.co.uk/

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  35. Great post! :) Have a nice day :*

    www.sandina.pl

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  36. Que brutal, adorei o teu post, sem dúvida Hoemns inspiradores e que valem a pena seguir-lhes as pisadas :)

    *XoXo
    Helena Primeira
    Helena Primeira Youtube
    Primeira Panos

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  37. obrigada pelo comentário <3
    concordo plenamente com as todas escolhas! todos eles são homens super inspiradores! :D

    www.pinkie-love-forever.blogspot.com

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  38. Great post! it was very interesting!
    Would you like to follow each other? Follow me on Blog and Google+ and I'll follow you back!
    Blog ♡Reckless diary by Anya Dryagina♡
    My ♡Instagram♡

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  39. Olá, obrigada pelo comentário já sigo o blog
    Boas escolhas das personalidades
    http://retromaggie.blogspot.pt/

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  40. These men have left a truly remarkable to our world and society!
    Great post dear!
    Have a lovely day!
    www.milleunrossetto.blogspot.it

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  41. Adorei a postagem…te sigo no GCP, segue de volt amor…
    bjao

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  42. Admito que não conhecia o William Kamkwamba! Ainda bem que o incluíste :D
    beijinhos, The Fancy Cats

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  43. Nice post

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  44. This was such a cool and informative read! Xx

    www.thefashionfolks.com

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  45. Concordo plenamente! São pessoas realmente inspiradoras e incríveis :)

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  46. Adorei! Pessoas incriveis

    Beijinhos
    n. // www.fashionjacket.com.br

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  47. This post is so informative & inspirational! Love the effort you put into researching/writing this. :)

    Best,
    Christina

    Looks by Lau

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  48. What a wonderful and inspiring post! Thanks for sharing these five incredible men with us!
    Thanks a lot for your last sweet comment! Sending much love!
    Xx
    Rosa Larissa Klara
    conscious lifestyle of mine

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  49. Nice post and very informative!!!!
    www.comfycozyup.com

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  50. love it! <3 kisses:*

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